IOM Today

An intergovernmental organization established in 1951, IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society.

  • 162 Member States and 9 State Observers
  • 401 offices with more than 9,000 staff
  • 95% of staff members based in the Field, with a ratio of 1:8 international versus national staff
  • Key areas of migration management include migration and development, facilitating migration, regulating migration and forced migration

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Regulating Migration

Counter-Trafficking. The Counter-Trafficking Programme of IOM Thailand has been implemented in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region since 1999 in order to improve the identification and assistance to victims of trafficking; to partner with government and law enforcement officials to prosecute traffickers; and, to collaborate with government and civil society actors to promote life skills amongst those most vulnerable, reducing the likelihood of future trafficking.

Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR). AVRR is one of many migration management services IOM offers to migrants and governments. It aims to better enable the orderly, humane and cost-effective return and reintegration of migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host countries and who wish to return voluntarily to their countries of origin. 

Border Management/Human Smuggling. IOM is implementing a project to counter human smuggling at the national and regional levels.

Counter-Trafficking

Since 1999, IOM has worked in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region to improve the identification and assistance of trafficked persons, to partner with government and law enforcement officials to prosecute traffickers, and to collaborate with government and civil society actors in promoting life skills among those most vulnerable, thereby reducing the likelihood of future trafficking.

Main Projects

  • Child Care, Training and Psychosocial Assistance at the Bangkok Immigration Detention Centre, Thailand 
  • Study on Trafficking, Exploitation and Abuse in the Mekong Sub-region (STEAM) 
  • Return and Reintegration of Trafficked Persons in the Mekong Sub-region
  • Family Reunification of Approved Family Members of Trafficking Victims in the United States (T-Visa)
Donors
  • US State Department, Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (PRM)
  • Government of Switzerland
  • IOM Development Fund (IDF) and ANESVAD

Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR)

Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) is one of many migration management services IOM offers to migrants and governments. It aims to better enable the orderly, humane and cost-effective return and reintegration of migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host countries and who wish to return voluntarily to their countries of origin.

Pre-departure, transportation and post-arrival assistance is provided to unsuccessful asylum seekers, migrants in an irregular situation, migrants stranded in transit, stranded students and other persons under similar circumstances.

IOM return programmes are either available to all migrants in an irregular situation, or tailored to the particular needs of specific groups, including vulnerable migrants. The assistance typically provides information, referral, arrangement of travel to the home location and limited support towards reinsertion. AVR assistance may also include the profiling of target groups, provision of information and counselling to potential returnees, medical assistance, reception and longer-term reintegration assistance in countries of origin in order to facilitate sustainable returns.

AVRR programmes have proven particularly effective in situations where the voluntary return option is part of a multi-pronged approach to migration management. They are, for example, a key element in responding to irregular migration in transit countries combined with other measures, such as capacity-building support and offering humanitarian assistance to stranded migrants. Similarly, IOM provides technical and other support to governments for improved management of return, and facilitates return migration dialogue among home, transit and host countries.

Furthermore, most AVRR programmes aim at making the return sustainable through facilitation of the reintegration of the returning migrant. The promotion of sustainability of the return is done through the incorporation of reintegration measures that support the socio-economic reintegration of returning persons. Some migrants may wish to return to their countries of origin but are unable to do so because of financial and other constraints, for example, the danger of losing foregoing important and hard-won benefits such as residency rights or pension entitlements. Especially vulnerable and/or stranded persons requiring special attention can also be allowed to avail themselves of assistance to return to their countries of origin, particularly if accompanied by some support for reintegration.

Main Project

Donors
  • Government of Australia, Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC)

Border Management/Human Smuggling

IOM is implementing a project to counter human smuggling at the national and regional levels. The project focuses on capacity building for relevant government officials at the provincial and central levels, and aims to increase capacity to collect and share information on human smuggling, and intercept and assist victims of smuggling at borders.

Main Project

  • Strengthening Border Management and Intelligence Capacity of Thai Government Officials
Donors
  • Government of Canada

Migration Resources - Regulating Migration