An intergovernmental organization established in 1951, IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society.
- 162 Member States and 9 State Observers
- 401 offices with more than 9,000 staff
- 95% of staff members based in the Field, with a ratio of 1:8 international versus national staff
- Key areas of migration management include migration and development, facilitating migration, regulating migration and forced migration
IOM Thailand Country Office
Voluntary Return Support and Reintegration Assistance for Bali Process Member States
The “Voluntary Return Support and Reintegration Assistance for Bali Process Member States” (AVRR) Project is a Foundation Project of the Regional Support Office (RSO) of the Bali Process Member States. This one year pilot Project is funded by the Australian Government and will be implemented by IOM from July 2012 until June 2013 under the auspices of the RSO based in Bangkok. The implementation will take place in close collaboration with Bali Process Member States and in partnership with UNHCR. This project complements on-going efforts by Bali process members to reduce irregular migration in the region.
The Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime
Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime is a multilateral initiative launched in 2002 aimed at combating people smuggling, trafficking and related transnational crime in the Middle East, Asia, and Pacific regions. While the Bali Process has built on existing bilateral co-operation, its success is due to its active involvement of Ministers and law enforcement agencies from 42 countries, in addition to a sharp focus on the issues it addresses.
Regional Support Office of the Bali Process (RSO)
The RSO has been established to facilitate the operationalization of the Regional Cooperation Framework (RCF) to reduce irregular migration in the Asia and Pacific region. The RSO aims to support and strengthen practical cooperation on refugee protection and international migration, including human trafficking and smuggling, and other components of migration management in the region.
The objective of the project is to provide a regional support mechanism to assist the voluntary, safe and dignified return of irregular migrants, rejected asylum seekers, as well as persons whose Refugee Status Determination (RSD) application has been formally closed in accordance with national or UNHCR established procedures. This includes those that have been intercepted in transit and for whom no other mechanism exists to facilitate their voluntary return. The project will support participation of individuals or groups located at the time of their application in one of the Bali Process Member States. Where no alternative funding is available under UNHCR voluntary repatriation programmes, the project can support the return of asylum seekers and refugees wishing to voluntarily return to their country of origin on the basis of an informed decision and in accordance with UNHCR established principles and procedures.
The project offers eligible participants with pre-departure counseling and information provision, pre-embarkation assistance and medical checks, transportation, reception assistance, and the provision of reintegration grants. The program is not open to migrants serving prison sentences, as well as known migrant smugglers and traffickers will not be eligible under the project. This project is not intended to assist persons who are otherwise eligible for assistance under another AVRR project. If a person has already benefited from this AVRR project they will not be eligible to re-apply.
The migrant’s participation in the AVRR project is strictly voluntary.
The migrant may be eligible for return support and reintegration assistance if:
- The migrant is in an irregular situation, including: Victim of Trafficking without legal status in country of residence, smuggled persons, persons whose application for asylum has been formally closed in accordance with national or UNHCR established procedures for file closure
- The migrant was intercepted by national authorities seeking to transit irregularly to another destination and who has not registered with, nor has made an application for asylum with UNHCR or competent national authorities and has not raised any claims for protection and who wishes to voluntarily return to their country of origin
- The migrant’s application for asylum has been rejected – the migrant has received a final negative decision on their claim for international protection
- The migrant is an asylum seeker – the migrant has applied for refugee status but whose claim has not been definitively evaluated and decide to voluntarily return to their country of origin in accordance with UNHCR established principles and procedures
- The migrant is a refugee – the migrant is recognized to be in need of international protection on the basis of a fair and inclusive procedure who is willing to voluntarily repatriate to their country of origin in accordance with UNHCR established principles and procedures
The migrant will not qualify to participate in the project if one of the following applies:
- The migrant is serving a prison sentence
- The migrant is a known smuggler or trafficker
- The migrant is eligible to receive assistance under another AVRR project, or UNHCR program for the facilitated voluntary repatriation of refugees, in a Bali Process Member State
- The migrant has already benefited from this AVRR project
IOM can help the returnees at every stage of the process, from start to finish. This includes helping them with the application form itself and advising on the scheme, helping obtain the appropriate travel documents and arranging their international flight. IOM representatives also provide airport assistance, meeting returnees at the departure airport, helping them through transit if requested, and helping them get from the airport to their final destination. Reintegration assistance is made available in the form of a cash grant. This amount will depend on the nationality of the beneficiary and, wherever possible, it will be delivered to the participant in the country of origin upon arrival.
To determine whether a migrant is eligible to participate in the AVRR project, please download the Self-Assessment Checklist and then contact the local IOM office in your country. If in Thailand, please contact:
AVRR Project Team
Phone: +66 2 343 9300
18th Floor Rajanakarn Building, 183 South Sathorn Road, Satorn District
Migration Information Note #30 – December 2016
Preparing for Increased Labour Mobility in ASEAN: Labour Markets, Immigration Policies and Migrant Rights
Assessing Potential Changes in the Migration Patterns of Laotian Migrants and their Impacts on Thailand and Lao People's Democratic Republic
Assessing Potential Changes in the Migration Patterns of Myanmar Migrants and Their Impacts on Thailand
Health and Human Trafficking in the Greater Mekong Sub-region
Thailand Migration Report 2014